Sports Medicine

 


Lisa Cummins
Head Athletic Trainer
Office: 706-729-2336
Cell: 706-399-0580
lcummins@augusta.edu

Bonni Messner 
Assistant Athletic Trainer
Office: 706-729-2336 
bmessner@augusta.edu

John Simmons
Assistant Athletic Trainer
Office:
706-729-2336 
jsimmons2@augusta.edu

Alyse DePaola
Graduate Assistant
Office:
706-729-2336 
adepaola@augusta.edu

LeeAnn Grayson
Graduate Assistant
Office:
706-729-2336 
legrayson@augusta.edu

 

 

2018-19 Drug Policy

 Augusta University and the Department of Intercollegiate Athletics recognize the stressful nature of collegiate athletic participation.  The use of controlled substances (narcotics, marijuana, stimulants, etc.), and the abuse of alcohol by student-athletes, will adversely affect their academic performance, athletic achievements and personal well-being.  Student-athletes who abuse controlled substances put themselves, their teammates, and the program at risk. 

 

For these reasons, Athletics does not tolerate substance abuse, the use of any substance banned by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), underage drinking or the inappropriate use of alcohol. While participation in intercollegiate athletics at Augusta University is optional, student-athletes who refuse to consent to drug screening under this policy or refuse to participate in substance abuse prevention educational programs will not be eligible to participate in intercollegiate athletics.

Athletics is committed to enhancing the life of every student-athlete who comes to our campus and chooses to participate in our athletic program.  Athletics believes that a strong substance abuse prevention education and a drug-screening program are essential in the protection of student-athletes from the harmful effects of drug and alcohol abuse. A copy of the Augusta University Alcohol and Drug Policy can be found in the 2017-2018 Jaguar Student-Athlete Handbook.

 

Alcohol

Alcoholism is a progressive disorder that often leads to serious physical and psychological illnesses as well as unacceptable social behavior. Any student-athlete who chooses to consume alcohol will be held accountable for any alcohol related incident in which he/she is involved regardless of additional legal implications. If a student-athlete is involved in an alcohol related incident with legal implications under campus, state, or federal laws, he or she will be subjected to the same or similar sanctions as those for a positive drug test.  If a student-athlete is involved in an obvious alcohol related incident that is without legal implications, the head coach, athletic director, and head athletic trainer will determine if the circumstances warrant counseling intervention and/or additional sanctions.

Tobacco

NCAA legislation prohibits the use of tobacco products by all athletes, coaches, athletic trainers, managers, and officials in all sports during practice and competition. In accordance with Policy 3.6.2 Tobacco-Free Campus, Augusta University also prohibits the use of tobacco products on any property owned, leased, or controlled by the university, Augusta University Medical Center, or Augusta University Medical Associates. Violators of this policy are subject to disciplinary sanctions by the head coach, Athletic Director, and in accordance with University policy.

Dietary Supplements

Some dietary supplements and "over-the-counter" (OTC) medications such as cold medications may contain substances banned by the NCAA which would be detected by screening procedures. If a banned substance is detected, even though it was ingested with a legal supplement or medication, the student-athlete will be in violation of the drug screening policy.  In order to help avoid these types of situations, the NCAA has contracted with the Drug Free Sport Axis (formerly Drug Free Sport Resource Exchange Center) to provide student-athletes and coaches with accurate information regarding dietary supplements and "over-the-counter" (OTC) medications. The Drug Free Sport Axis may be visited online at www.drugfreesport.com/axis.

Some weight reduction medications that are available over-the-counter have been linked to scores of deaths in the United States. Therefore, all student-athletes and coaches are advised to refrain from using dietary supplements without the consent and direction of a physician. Please ensure that any physician providing treatment outside of the Department of Athletics is aware that you are a student-athlete who is subject to drug screening. Prescribed supplements and medications may affect a drug screening sample.

 

Purpose and Goals

Athletics has established the following purpose and goals for the substance abuse prevention, education and drug-screening program:

 

  1. Through informational team meetings and educational seminars, student-athletes will be informed about the NCAA drug testing procedures and will be made aware of the list of NCAA banned substances.

 

  1. Through team meetings, meetings of all student-athletes, and educational seminars, student-athletes will be made aware of the Augusta University Department of Intercollegiate Athletics substance abuse policies.

 

  1. Athletics will provide educational programs concerning the effects of substance abuse on athletic activities and the health and well being of student-athletes.

 

  1. Through education, Athletics will assist student-athletes to cope effectively with destructive behaviors and the stresses of academic-athletic life.

 

  1. Athletics will actively promote healthy lifestyles, which will help student-athletes succeed.

 

  1. Athletics will identify in confidence participants who may be abusing specific drugs.

 

  1. Athletics will encourage, and in some cases require, student-athletes to seek counseling and treatment for drug or alcohol problems.

 

  1. Athletics will promote a safe and healthy environment for all student-athletes engaging in intercollegiate athletics.

 

Education

During each academic year, Athletics will present at least one substance abuse prevention education seminar.  All in-coming student-athletes must participate in a substance abuse prevention seminar.  Returning student-athletes will be required to participate in these seminars unless instructed otherwise.  Athletics is committed to continually enhancing the educational component of the drug education program as well as other important areas and will seek to provide additional seminars concerning substance abuse prevention, healthy living, and academic enhancement. All educational seminars are mandatory for student-athletes as well as coaches.  Coaches and staff may excuse themselves during parts of the presentation in order to permit a free dialogue between presenters and students.

 

Drug Testing

Drug testing will be conducted on a selective and random basis. Athletics reserves the right to hold unannounced tests.  All student-athletes will be subject to testing during the entrance physical screening and then at any time throughout the academic year. Testing may include team testing, pre-season testing, or post-season/championship testing.

 

A student-athlete who (1) refuses to sign the notification form, (2) fails to arrive at the collection location at the designated time without justification, (3) fails to provide a urine specimen according to protocol, (4) leaves the collection station before providing a specimen according to protocol, or (5) attempts to alter the integrity or validity of the urine specimen and/or collection process immediately will be declared medically ineligible. Procedures and sanctions will be consistent with those of a positive test.

 

Individualized Reasonable Suspicion Screening

Any student-athlete may be subject to testing at any time when, in the judgment of the Director of Athletics, there is reasonable cause to suspect that the student is engaged in the use of any of the drugs prohibited by this policy.  Individualized reasonable suspicion may be based on information from any source deemed reliable by the Director of Athletics.  The content of the information may include, but is not limited to: (1) observed possession or use of substances that reasonably appears to be drugs of the type prohibited, (2) arrest or conviction for a criminal offense related to the possession, use, or trafficking of drugs prohibited, and/or (3) observed abnormal appearance, conduct or behavior (including absence from academic duties, training or competition) reasonably interpretable as being caused by the use of drugs of the type prohibited.

 

Upon receipt of such information, the Director of Athletics shall confer with University legal and medical representatives in determining whether there is reasonable cause to suspect that the student-athlete is engaged in prohibited drug use.  Individualized reasonable suspicion means that if the available facts were conveyed to a reasonable person unfamiliar with the student-athlete or the athletic program, that person would conclude there is a factual basis for determining that the student-athlete is using a prohibited drug.

If individualized reasonable suspicion is found to exist, the Director of Athletics will meet with the student-athlete.  The student-athlete will have the opportunity to provide an explanation for his/her behavior. If the Director of Athletics determines the explanation is not satisfactory, the student-athlete will be required to submit to a drug test.

Self-Disclosure of Banned Substance / Unprescribed Prescription Medication

If at any time a student-athlete discloses to Augusta University faculty or staff that he/she has knowingly ingested a banned substance or an unprescribed prescription medication, the student-athlete must undergo a test to determine which substances are in the system and in what amounts. The athlete immediately will be deemed medically ineligible to participate for a period of 14-30 days to allow the substance(s) to evacuate the system.  The medical staff will determine when a second drug test is to be performed as well as the need for a health assessment.  Procedures and sanctions will be consistent with those of a positive test.

Exception: Self Help/Safe Harbor

As a one-time opportunity, a student-athlete that has not tested positive prior to this occurrence, yet has knowingly ingested a banned substance, may seek confidential help from his/her head coach or the sports medicine staff prior to notification of a pending drug test.  At that time, the student-athlete must undergo a test to determine which substances are in the system and in what amounts. The athlete immediately will be deemed medically ineligible to participate for a period of 14-30 days to allow the substance(s) to evacuate the system.  The medical staff will determine when a second drug test is to be performed as well as the need for a health assessment.  While this occurrence will be considered as the student-athlete's first positive test, no other sanctions will be applied.

Sanctions for Positive Test Results

In the event that a sample tests positive at the laboratory, the lab will notify the Department of Athletics's team physician for verification that the student is not permitted to use the banned substance (e.g., prescription on file). This notification will include the name of the person with the positive test and the substance category violated. The team physician will notify the lab of his/her findings. If the team physician confirms the positive test result, the lab will notify the Assistant Athletic Director for Compliance and Academic Services (Compliance); the lab report will include all results from the specific testing date. Compliance will notify the Director of Athletics, Sports Medicine, and the sport head coach of any positive test results; Compliance will contact all student-athletes with negative test results. 

At the time Compliance receives official notification from the lab of a positive test result, the following sanctions will be applied.

First Offense

The student-athlete will be notified of a positive test in a meeting with the Director of Athletics, Compliance, and the respective head coach. The parents of the student-athlete will be notified. The student-athlete will be considered medically ineligible and will not be permitted to participate in practice or competition for a period of time set by the Director of Athletics. The period of ineligibility begins on the day of the official notification and lasts for a minimum period of 14 consecutive calendar days. The student-athlete must be retested with negative results prior to reinstatement. The Athletic Director will consider recommendations of the respective head coach, the recommendation of the Director of Counseling and any other relevant circumstances.  After due consideration, the Director of Athletics has the options to discontinue scholarship assistance, extend the period of ineligibility up to a period of one year, require participation in an approved treatment or counseling program, undergo mandatory health assessments, or any combination thereof.  In addition, once a student-athlete tests positive for a banned substance, random selection will no longer apply, and the student-athlete can expect to be selected for participation in drug testing more frequently than other student-athletes. 

 

Second Offense

A student-athlete who is otherwise in good standing as a team member yet tests positive for a second time during his or her eligibility will be declared medically ineligible to participate for one calendar year beginning on the date of notification. Parents of the student-athlete will be notified.  Scholarship assistance will terminate with the current semester of the positive test and will not be reinstated for one calendar year from the time of discontinuance.

In order to return to good standing and regain eligibility, the student-athlete must have a recent negative test, must undergo regular health assessments as conducted by the sports medicine staff, and provide proof of satisfactory participation in a pre-approved substance abuse counseling or treatment program. The treatment program must be approved by the Director of the Counseling Center at AU; the University will not be responsible for any charges incurred as a result of such counseling.  Any student-athlete that tests positive can expect to be selected for participation in drug testing more frequently than other student-athletes.  

Third Offense

A student-athlete who tests positive for a third time during his or her eligibility will be immediately and permanently ineligible to participate in intercollegiate athletics at Augusta University. This includes loss of all athletic-related financial aid.

Appeals Process

If a student feels that the results of the tests are in error, the student may request that the split part of the sample be retested at the same laboratory that performed the original test at the student's expense.  If the student-athlete feels that sanctions are unduly harsh or unfair due to unusual circumstances, the student may appeal in writing to the Vice President for Enrollment and Student Affairs within two weeks of the official notification of sanctions by the Director of Athletics.  The Vice President for Enrollment and Student Affairs will render a final decision in writing.  The student-athlete will remain ineligible during the appeal process. 

 

Drug Testing Procedures

 

The following procedures have been established to provide a safe and secure program for screening Augusta University student-athletes for substance abuse.

  • Drug testing will be coordinated by the Augusta University Department of Sports Medicine which will take the necessary steps to insure that specimen collection procedures are strictly followed.
  • Notification of a pending drug test will be made to a student-athlete's coach, who will notify the respective student-athletes that they have been selected.  The student-athletes must report to the testing site at the assigned time.  Once notified, failure for any reason to report to the testing site at the prescribed time will be deemed a positive test. Procedures and sanctions will be consistent with those of a positive test.
  • Student-athletes will be required to present a picture I.D. at the time of the test.
  • Urine specimens will be taken under direct observation in order to prevent specimen tampering and/or substitution.  Any attempt to adulterate or manipulate the urine specimen will constitute a positive test.
  • The specimen will be divided at the lab with a portion reserved for re-testing if the initial testing of the specimen is either positive or suspect, or if the student-athlete seeks to appeal the findings.
  • The student-athletes must remain at the collection site until excused by the lab personnel.
  • If the laboratory determines that any banned substances are present in the sample, the Department of Athletics team physician will be notified to confirm the results. The laboratory will send final results confidentially to the Department of Athletics team physician and Compliance. Compliance will notify the Director of Athletics and the sport head coach.
  • The Director of Athletics will arrange a meeting with the student-athlete, the respective head coach, and Compliance. No other person will be notified unless the Director of Athletics deems such a notification is necessary to protect the student-athlete's health and interests.

Terms and Definitions

 

Student-Athlete: For the purposes of this policy, a student-athlete is any team member in any sport in which Augusta University competes in NCAA sanctioned competitions. Student-athletes who are ineligible or have red-shirt status will also be subjected to drug testing.

 

Compliance: Student-athletes who refuse to participate in drug education and testing will not be eligible to practice or compete as a member of any team at Augusta University. Student-athletes who have tested positive for banned substances and fail to comply with imposed sanctions will not be eligible to practice or compete as a member of any team at Augusta University.

 

Regulations: This policy details the regulations and actions for the Augusta University Department of Intercollegiate Athletics regarding substance abuse issues. Student-athletes at AU are expected to be aware of and to follow any additional policies outlined by the NCAA and the University.

 

NCAA Policy: If a student-athlete is subjected to testing by the NCAA and the result is a positive test, the following will apply:

 

  1. For banned drug classes other than "street drugs": the student-athlete loses one season of eligibility in all sports. Further, the student-athlete shall remain ineligible for all regular season and post-season competition during the time period ending one calendar year after the student-athlete's positive drug test, and until the student-athlete retests negative and eligibility restored by the NCAA. (NCAA Bylaw 18.4.1.5.1.)
  2. For "street drugs": the student-athlete will be charged with the loss of competition during a minimum of 50% of a season of competition in all sports (i.e. 50% of all contests or dates of competition in the season following the positive test). The student-athlete remains ineligible until the penalty is fulfilled, the student retests negative, and eligibility is restored by the NCAA. (NCAA Bylaw 18.4.1.5.2)

 

USG System: Regulations of the University System of Georgia apply to all student-athletes at Augusta University. Student-athletes will be held accountable for violations of the student code of conduct regarding substance abuse.

 

Banned Substances: Tests will be conducted for THC/marijuana, cocaine, opiates, PCP, amphetamines, anabolic steroids and barbiturates. In addition, the Department of Athletics reserves the right to test for any other drugs banned by the NCAA or agents to alter test outcomes. The student-athlete should consult the NCAA banned substance list when purchasing over the counter medications or when receiving a prescription from his or her private physician. The Department of Athletics team physician is familiar with this list and is a good source of information.

 

Referral and Assessment: Student-athletes who test positive for drug use will be encouraged, and in some cases may be required, to participate in a program that provides assessment and counseling. The Counseling Center is a resource that is available on campus to provide assessment and counseling at no cost to students. Upon student-athlete request, a list of other acceptable counseling programs will be provided. However, the student will be responsible for any and all charges incurred for services received from outside vendors. The student-athlete is also responsible for ensuring that a counseling program chosen is acceptable to the Director of Counseling Services at Augusta University for the type of counseling required. The student-athlete must make arrangements to have information released to AU officials regarding satisfactory attendance rates and the outcome of the program.

 

Amendments: Augusta University and the Department of Intercollegiate Athletics reserve the right to amend or change the Substance Abuse Policy, Education and Testing Program.

 

NCAA Banned-Drug Classes 2017-2018

The NCAA list of banned-drug classes is subject to change by the NCAA Executive Committee. Contact NCAA education services or visit http://www.ncaa.org/2017-18-ncaa-banned-drugs-list for the current list. The term “related compounds” comprises substances that are included in the class by their pharmacological action and/or chemical structure. No substance belonging to the prohibited class may be used regardless of whether it is specifically listed as an example.

 

Many nutritional/dietary supplements contain NCAA banned substances. The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) does not strictly regulate the supplement industry, therefore, purity and safety of nutritional dietary supplements cannot be guaranteed. Impure supplements may lead to a positive NCAA drug test. The use of supplements is at the student-athlete’s own risk. Student-athletes should contact the Drug Free Sport Axis for accurate information regarding dietary supplements and "over-the-counter" (OTC) medications. The Drug Free Sport Axis may be viewed online at www.drugfreesport.com/axis.

 

Banned Drugs

The following is a sample list of banned-drug classes  with examples of substances under each class:

 

Stimulants

methylenedioxymethamphetamine

amiphenazole (MDMA, ecstasy)

amphetamine methylphenidate

bemigride nikethamide

benzphetamine octopamine

bromantan pemoline

caffeine1 (guarana) pentetrazol

chlorphentermine phendimetrazine

cocaine phenmetrazine

cropropamide phentermine

crothetamide phenylpropanolamine (ppa)

diethylpropion picrotoxine

dimethylamphetamine pipradol

doxapram prolintane

ephedrine (ephedra, strychnine ma huang) synephrine (citrus aurantium,ethamivan zhi shi, bitter orange)

ethylamphetamine and related compounds

fencamfamine The following stimulants are not

meclofenoxate banned:

methamphetamine phenylephrine

pseudoephedrine

 


Anabolic Agents

anabolic steroids

androstenediol methyltestosterone

androstenedione nandrolone

boldenone norandrostenediol

clostebol norandrostenedione

dehydrochlormethyl- norethandrolone

testosterone oxandrolone

dehydroepiandro- oxymesterone

sterone (DHEA) oxymetholone

dihydrotestosterone stanozolol (DHT)

dromostanolone tetrahydrogestrinone (THG)

epitrenbolone trenbolone

fluoxymesterone and related compounds

gestrinone

mesterolone other anabolic agents

methandienone clenbuterol

 

Diuretics and other Urine Manipulators

acetazolamide hydrochlorothiazide

bendroflumethiazide hydroflumethiazide

benzhiazide methyclothiazide

bumetanide metolazone

chlorothiazide polythiazide

chlorthalidone probenecid

ethacrynic acid spironolactone (canrenone)

finasteride probenecid

flumethiazide triamterene

furosemide trichlormethiazide and related compounds

 

Street Drugs

heroin tetrahydrocannabinol

marijuana3 (THC)3

 

Peptide Hormones and Analogues

corticotrophin (ACTH)

growth hormone (hGH, somatotrophin)

human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG)

insulin like growth factor (IGF-1)

luteinizing hormone (LH)

*All the respective releasing factors of the abovementioned substances also are banned.

erythropoietin (EPO) sermorelin

darbepoetin

 

Anti-Estrogens

anastrozole

clomiphene

tamoxifen and related compounds

 

*There is no complete list of banned substances. Do not rely on this list to rule out any label ingredient.

 

Definitions of positive depends on the following

  • For caffeine—if the concentration in urine exceeds 15 micrograms/ml.
  • For testosterone – an adverse analytical finding (positive result) based on any reliable analytical method (e.g., IRMS, GCMS, CIR) which shows that the testosterone is of exogenous origin, or if the ratio of the total concentration of testosterone to that of epitestosterone in the urine is greater than 6:1, unless there is evidence that this ratio is due to a physiological or pathological condition.
  • For marijuana and THC—if the concentration in the urine of THC metabolite exceeds 15 nanograms/ml.

 

2017-2018 Drug-Testing Exceptions Procedures

(Medical exceptions)

The NCAA list of banned-drug classes is composed of substances that are generally reported to be performance enhancing and/or potentially harmful to the health and safety of the student-athlete. 

The NCAA recognizes that some banned substances are used for legitimate medical purposes. Accordingly, the NCAA allows exceptions to be made for those student-athletes with a documented medical history demonstrating the need for regular use of such a drug.  Exceptions may be granted for substances included in the following classes of banned drugs: anabolic agents, stimulants, beta blockers, diuretics, anti-estrogens, beta-2 agonists, and peptide hormones. (Bylaw 31.2.3.2

Procedures for Exceptions

  1. Alternative non-banned medications for the treatment of various conditions exist and should be considered before an exception is pursued. 
  2. For the use of an anabolic agent or peptide hormone, the institution must seek approval by the NCAA before the student-athlete is allowed to participate in competition while taking these medications. The institution should submit to the NCAA the Medical Exception Pre-Approval reporting form along with medical documentation from the prescribing physician supporting the diagnosis and treatment.
  3. For the use of a medication in the classes of stimulant, diuretic, anti-estrogen, beta blocker or beta-2 agonist, the institution should maintain documentation in the student-athlete's medical record on campus. The documentation should contain information as to the diagnosis, medical history, and dosage information. Note: To request a medical exception for a positive test involving stimulant medication to treat ADHD, the NCAA requires the documentation be accompanied by the NCAA Medical Exception Documentation Reporting Form to Support ADHD and Treatment with Banned Stimulant Medication.
  4. The institution may request an exception at the time of notification of the positive drug test by submitting documentation to The National Center for Drug Free Sport. If the institution fails to provide medical documentation to Drug Free Sport before the "B" sample is reported as positive to the institution, the student-athlete will be withheld from competition until such time that the documentation is received, reviewed, and the medical exception granted.
  5. Requests for exceptions will be reviewed by the chair of the drug-testing and drug-education subcommittee and the physicians of the NCAA Committee on Competitive Safeguards and Medical Aspects of Sports.
  6. The NCAA will inform the director of athletics regarding the outcome of the exception request. In the event that the exception is not granted, the institution may appeal the action according to Section 8.0 of the drug-testing protocol.

Sources:
NCAA Drug Testing Program, 2017-2018.

Banned Drugs
NCAA Banned Drugs

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